Cockle permit byelaw
No person shall take, remove or disturb any cockle unless a permit to do so has
been issued by the Committee. A permit shall be available to all applicants.
Permits issued by the Committee shall be valid until the following 31st December and are issued
on the condition that the holder of the permit shall complete and return to the Committee, by no later than the 5th day of
each month, a record of daily catch, actual fishing time and fishing area. Such information shall be submitted on a form provided
by the Committee.
Applications for a permit under this byelaw are
to be made in such form as the Committee shall determine.
shall not be transferable.
Byelaws relating to cockles - size of vessels and dredge
No person shall use within the District for the purpose of taking cockles a vessel, the overall length of which exceeds
14 metres. Provided that this shall not apply to vessels exceeding 14 metres
in overall length which were engaged in the fishery on a regular basis prior to the confirmation of the byelaw.
No person shall use for the purpose of taking cockles, a vessel, the overall
width or beam of which exceeds 5 metres.
For the purposes of this byelaw, the length of a vessel shall be the length overall, defined as the distance in a straight
line between the foremost point of the bow and the aftermost point of the stern.
The bow is to be taken to include the watertight hull structure, forecastle, stem and forward bulwark, if fitted, but
to exclude bowsprits and safety rails.
The stern is to include the watertight hull structure, transom, poop, trawl ramp and bulwark, but to exclude safety
rails, bumkins, propulsion machinery, rudders and steering gear, and divers ladders and platforms.
For the purpose of this byelaw, the width or beam of a vessel shall be measured at right angles to the measurement
of length of the vessel and shall be taken at the widest point.
Measurement shall be taken from the outer edge of the watertight hull structure and will exclude safety rails, fenders
and structures to support fishing equipment.
The length overall shall be measured in metres with an accuracy of two decimal points.
No person shall use within the District for the purpose of taking cockles:-
(a) a vessel equipped with more than one dredge; or
(b) a dredge with a dredge head aperture of more than 76 centimetres in width; or
(c) a dredge with a blade measuring more than 76 centimetres between its extremities.
For the purpose of this byelaw “dredge” means 5 suction dredge or any type of towed dredge.
Cockle fishery – Construction of fishing
gear and removal of small cockles
No person shall, without the written consent of the Committee, operate any instrument of fishing gear
for the purpose of taking, riddling, sorting or grading cockles unless all surfaces acting to retain the
catch be constructed of parallel bars with an average space between bars of no less than 16 millimetres. This
requirement shall not apply to pipes used to convey water or catch between the seabed and any fishing vessel.
instruments and fishing gear shall be constructed so as to incorporate a riddle for the purpose of sorting and grading cockles
that will return undersized cockles to the sea with the minimum of damage. Such riddle shall be of a minimum
length of 1.75 metres and shall be designed and operated such that the retained cockles shall be in contact with the riddle
for its full length.
The Committee will give written consent for a specified area and specified period of time to all applicants to permit
the use of instruments or fishing gear and removal of cockles otherwise prohibited by this byelaw where the Committee is satisfied
that the quality of a bed would be enhanced by the removal of cockles. This would allow the thinning of
over-populated stock, removal and thinning of cockles that have not shown good growth or removal for the purposes of relaying.
No person shall, without the written consent of the Committee, remove from the fishery cockles of
which more than 10% by weight, of a representative sample, will pass through a space 16mm in width. A representative sample
will consist of no less than 200 kilogrammes of cockles. Small cockles rejected as a result of the requirements of this byelaw
shall be returned immediately to the sea.
fishery – Closure of beds
byelaw, the Committee may, for the purpose of fishery management and control of exploitation and after consultation with persons
or bodies appearing to them to represent those cockle fishermen that traditionally fish the area, close for a specific period
any bed or part of a bed, provided that the Committee has been advised by fishery scientists who appear to them to be suitably
qualified as to the need for such action.
No person shall, without the authority of the Committee, remove, take or disturb
any cockle from a bed or part of a bed which has been closed under this byelaw.
Where any bed or part of a bed is closed
under this byelaw, the Committee will, where it is practicable to do so, cause notices to be displayed in the vicinity of
the bed or part thereof clearly defining the area in which cockles shall not be removed or disturbed without the consent of
the Committee. In addition, notice will be given by publishing the same in a newspaper circulating in the
district in which the cockle bed is situated.
Cockle Fishery - Limitation on quantities of cockles that may be removed
No person shall operate a vessel that, during the course of that operation, removes more than 13.6 cubic metres of cockles
from any part of the District during any 24-hour period.
No cockles shall be carried
on board at the time of commencing fishing.
For the purpose of calculating the quantity,
in cubic meters, of cockles no allowances shall be made in respect of the quantity of dead shell, sand, other species or debris
mixed with the catch.
For the purpose of this byelaw 13.6 cubic metres is deemed equivalent
to 500 x 6 gallon baskets.
Cockles must be loaded into bags or containers
of a uniform capacity of 1.13 cubic metres. (This will mean that the total catch will be contained
within 12 bags/containers).
All such bags or containers shall be clearly
marked with a load line if capacity is not level with the top of the side surfaces.
It shall be permitted for a person to carry cockles loose in the hold of their vessel provided that a hold load line has
been calculated by a vessel surveyor appointed by a Maritime and Coastguard Agency authorised organisation, to show the level
to which the hold may be filled to contain, 13.6 cubic metres of cockles. Documentation of these
calculations and the position of the loadline shall be submitted to the Committee and a clear mark shall be placed
on all four sides of the hold showing this calculated load line.
To enable checks for compliance with these regulations cockles carried loose in a vessel hold shall be stowed level.
The Byelaw shall not apply within the area of The Thames Estuary Cockle Fishery Order 1994.
The provisions of this byelaw are without prejudice to any historic
right of Several Fishery, Act of Parliament, Royal Charter or other rights that exist within the District as referred to in
Section 6(a) of the Sea Fisheries Regulation Act 1966 except the private fishery rights held by the Southend-on-Sea Borough
Cockle Fishery - Approval of fishing instrument
No person shall operate
any instrument, other than a rake operated by hand, for the taking of cockles unless a Certificate of Approval for the instrument
has been issued by the Committee pursuant to this byelaw.
A Provisional Certificate of Approval in respect of an instrument which has not
previously been the subject of a full approval under this byelaw may be issued by a Fishery Officer and be valid for one calendar
month. No more than two provisional certificates of approval may be issued in respect of any instrument.
A full certificate of Approval in respect of an instrument will be issued where
a Fishery Officer is satisfied on inspection of a representative sample of cockles that less than one tenth of the cockles
collected have been damaged during the operation. A representative sample of the cockles will include
cockles being retained and also rejected by the riddle during the course of a dredging operation in which the instrument
has been operated at its normal speed.
A full Certificate of Approval issued pursuant to this byelaw will be valid from the date of issue until the 31st
December following that date.
A full Certificate of
Approval shall cease to have any effect for the purpose of this byelaw if the instrument that is the subject of the approval
has been altered since the grant of the approval.
The provisions of this byelaw are without prejudice to any historic right of Several Fishery, Act of
Parliament, Royal Charter or other rights that exist within the District as referred to in Section 6(a) of the Sea Fisheries
Regulation Act 1966 except the private fishery rights held by the Southend-on-Sea Borough Council.